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AFRICANS HAVE long had a disconcerting sense that the future belongs to outsiders, whether in the form of western missionaries, corporate multi-nationals, international aid or western style democracy.

Now, scientists want to add to this mix by giving Africa the boot. Using computer models, researchers have simulated the continent’s future from 2030 to 2080, with catastrophic outcomes. Since records of the region’s climate, ecology and economy go back only about 80 years, the research is very broad.

The study, by Spanish and French scientists, shows that African countries with shrinking, deforested lands and drier weather conditions are more vulnerable to war, disease and migration.

The researchers, led by Angel Peralta and Marcia Poncelet of the Centre de Recherche en Géographie de l’Environnement of the University of Paris-Est, merged climate and population data for 53 African countries with another seven outside Africa to predict likely future conditions.

Unimproved human health, overcrowding, famine, war and population collapse then followed. “The key question for any African country today is how long it will be able to continue to live above the poverty line,” they say.

There are lots of hand-wringing about whether the continent will ever become self-sufficient and what the implications will be for poverty and development. This study suggests that, without prevention, every African country may face the same fate as many countries elsewhere in the world: their population will likely decline, their land area will shrink and they may even become poorer.

African countries are already poor compared with Europe or North America. They are often in remote and inhospitable areas, poor in land resources, and lack good infrastructure, such as roads and power, as well as water, energy and sanitation. In the absence of essential improvements, there is little hope of the continent improving its low scores on an index such as Human Development Index (HDI) or of becoming more developed in the next 20 years, the researchers say.

The scientists found that the decrease in average rainfall in many African countries, combined with projected high levels of population growth, is a recipe for disaster.

In Kenya, for instance, average rainfall will fall about a third by 2080, leading to increased desertification, which will further degrade the quality of air and water.

Mozambique will experience worsening water availability, which will increase the risks of cholera outbreaks. Malawi

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Great-Grandparents Dining Room Makeover

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The family table in the great-grandparents dining room is beginning to look a little tired. The perfect fabric comes in the mail one morning and before you know it, the kids are taking selfies while I’m still trying to figure out the new look. Thankfully, I’m a very patient grandma.

5 Tips for Selecting Dining Room Fabric in 4 Easy Steps

1. Start by deciding which room you’ll use the fabric in. If you’re leaning toward quilting, that will determine the fabric style. If you’re just going to be using it in the dining room, choose an upholstery fabric for a more formal look.

2. Pick one or two colors you like. Feel free to experiment with the colors, but stick to one focal color and have the rest of the room be complementary. We picked a burgundy for the focal color and did the rest in ivory and mint green.

3. Decide where you want the fabric to be placed and how long you want it. We wanted the fabric to be centered and the length to cover the table top and bottom of the seating area, which is about a foot and a half.

4. Go to a fabric store and look at fabrics of similar quality and price. You can also head to the fabric selection on

5. Finally, measure your walls, floors, ceiling and furniture so you know exactly how much fabric you need.With strict government regulations and a shortage of qualified, experienced workers for the food and drink manufacturing sector, South Korean scientists are exploring an unlikely but potentially lucrative solution — to make a fermented solution that can be used to produce a nontoxic food and drink additive.